考研英语长难句:一句句突破长难句(23)

长难句:Concerns were raised that witnesses might be encouraged to exaggerate their stories in court to ensure guilty verdicts. 结构剖析:本句的主干是 Concerns were raised that…(这引起了人们的担心.
… 2020-08-13

长难句:Concerns were raised that witnesses might be encouraged to exaggerate their stories in court to ensure guilty verdicts.

结构剖析:本句的主干是 Concerns were raised that…(这引起了人们的担心…),后面的 that 引导一个同位语从句,作主语 concerns 的同位语。之所以要将先行词 concerns 与后面的 that 从句分开,是因为这一同位语从句太长,如果放在先行词后面,容易出现头重脚轻的现象。

核心词汇:concern 担心,关注
guilty 有罪的
exaggerate 夸大,夸张
verdict 裁定;定论
ensure 确保,保证

参考译文:这引起了人们对下列情况的担心:为了确保法庭给被告定罪,证人可能会被怂恿在法庭上夸大其词。

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