考研英语长难句:一句句突破长难句(15)

长难句: He must use this surplus in three ways: as seed for sowing , as an insurance against the unpredictable effects of bad weather and as a commodity which he must sell in order to replace old agri
… 2020-08-13

长难句: He must use this surplus in three ways: as seed for sowing , as an insurance against the unpredictable effects of bad weather and as a commodity which he must sell in order to replace old agricultural implements and obtain chemical fertilizers to feed the soil.

结构剖析: 本句的主干在冒号前: He must use this surplus in three ways, 冒号之后的部分包含三个 as 引导的并列结构,作状语, 其中第三个 as 结构的核心部分是 as a commodity…, 后面的which 引导的定语从句 which he must sell…修饰commodity,其中介词结构 in order to …作定语从句的状语.

核心词汇: surplus 剩余,过剩;a. 过剩的,剩余的
replace 替换
sow 播种
implement 工具;v.执行
insurance 保障,保险
fertilizer 肥料,化肥
unpredictable 无法预测的
feed 提供(养料等)
commodity 商品

参考译文:他必须以下列三种方式使用这些余粮:留作种子,留作保障以对付恶劣天气可能造成的无法预测的影响,并留作必须出售的商品以替换就农具和购买化肥给土壤提供养料。

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