八年级上册英语知识点最新

  英语的学习是需要持之以恒的。无论是单词的记忆,还是语法的掌握,甚至是口语的熟练等等,都离不开我们平时的积累。八年级上册英语知识点最新有哪些你知道吗?一起来看看八年级上册英语知识点最新,欢迎查阅!英语八

英语的学习是需要持之以恒的。无论是单词的记忆,还是语法的掌握,甚至是口语的熟练等等,都离不开我们平时的积累。八年级上册英语知识点最新有哪些你知道吗?一起来看看八年级上册英语知识点最新,欢迎查阅!

八年级上册英语知识点最新

英语八年级上册知识总结

短语归纳

on Saturdayafternoon在周六下午

prepare for为……做准备

go to the doctor去看医生

have the flu患感冒

help my parents帮助我的父母

come to the party来参加聚会

another time其他时间

last fall去年秋天

go to the party去聚会

hang out常去某处;泡在某处

the day after tomorrow后天

the day before yesterday前天

have a pianolesson上钢琴

look after照看;照顾

accept an invitaton接受邀请

turn down aninvitation拒绝邀请

take a trip去旅行

at the end of this month这个月末

look forward to盼望;期待

the opening of… ……的开幕式/落成典礼

reply in writing书面回复

go to the concert去听音乐会

not…until直到……才

meet my friend会见我的朋友

visit grandparents拜访祖父母

study for a test为考试学习

have to不得不

too much homework太多作业

do homework做家庭作业

go to the movies去看电影

after school放学后

on the weekend在周末

invite sb.to do sth.邀请某人做某事

what引导的感叹句结构:What+a/an+adj.+可数名词单数(+主语+谓语)!

What+adj.+名词复数/不可数名词(+主语+谓语)!

help sb.(to)do sth.帮助某人做某事

be sad to do sth.做某事很悲伤

see sb.do sth.see sb.doingsth.

the best way to do sth.做某事最好的方式

have a surprise party for sb.为某人举办一个惊喜派对

look forward to doing sth.期盼做某事

reply to sth./sb.答复某事/某人

What’s today?今天是什么日子?

What’s the date today? What day is it today?

语法讲解

1、prepare意为“准备”,强调准备的动作与过程。

宾语是这一动作的承受者。其后也可接双宾语,还可接不定式。 prepare for
sth.为…准备好。for的宾语不是动作的承受者,而是表示准备的目的,即所要应付的情况。 / prepare to dosth 准备做某事。

prepare 强调准备的动作与过程。宾语是这一动作的承受者。其后也可接双宾语,还可接不定式。

get/be ready意为“准备好”,强调准备的结果。常见结构有:①beready(for sth.)②getsth.ready
③beready(for sth)④be get ready to do(准备干某事,乐于干某事)

We _____ the mid-term examination.Miss Li said, “Everyone
should______beforeclass.

2.have

the flu 患感冒, have a cold 感冒 ,have a cough 咳嗽, have a fever 发烧 ,have a sore
throat 喉咙痛, have a headache 头痛 ,have a toothache 牙痛,

3.hang

out 常去某处,泡在某处, hang on 紧紧抓住, hang about 闲荡, hang up 挂电话,悬挂,挂起

4.catch

you =see you = bye bye ,catch a cold感冒 , catch sb’s eye引起某人注意,catch the
train 赶上火

catch up with =keep up with 赶上,跟上 ,catch hold of=take hold of 抓住

5.accept

接受 , 反义词为: refuse。 accept指主观上愿意接受,receive 收到,指客观上收到或拿到,但主观上不一定会接受。I
received his gift yesterday, but I wouldn’tlike to accept it.

(1) turn down = refuse 拒绝 turn up 放大调高 turn over 翻身 take turns 依次,轮流

(2) help sb.(to) do sth 帮助某人做某事 helpsb.with sth 在某方面帮助人 help oneself tosth
随便吃

(3)at the end of 在…末尾,在…尽头, bythe end of 到…末为止 in the end of 终于

6.surprised

形容词,感到意外的,主语是人be surprised to do sth 对做某事感到意外

surprising 形容词,令人惊讶的,主语是物 Thenews was surpring.surprise 名词,惊奇、惊讶 to
one’ssurprise使某人吃惊,动词,使惊奇,使感到意外 It surprise sb to do sth.

7.look

forward to 期待,盼望,to 是介词,后跟名词,代词或动名词作宾语。

hear from sb.收到某人的来信 = receive a letter from sb.

hear of = hear about 听说

8.make

it 在约定的时间内到达,能够来 = arrive in time; Glad you couldmake it.

商量确定的时间,表示将来某项计划的安排,后接时间状语。 Let’s make it at seven o’clock on Tuesday.

成功办成某事 = succeed After yearsof hard work, he finally made it.

9.reply

回答,指用口头或书面形式回答,不及物动词 reply to sb/sth.对…..作出回答。

作及物动词,意为回答,回答说。作名词,意为:答道,回信,答复,后跟介词 to .

answer 是最普通的用语,包括口头,书面或行动的回答,可作及物和不及物动词。

八年级上册英语知识点

1. see sb. do sth “看见某人做了某事” 强调动作的全过程;

see sb. doing sth. “看见某人正在做某事” 强调动作正在进行。

如:I saw her go across the street. 我看见她过了马路。

I saw her going across the street. 我看见她正在过马路。

2. join sb. 表示 “加入某人的行列”“和某人在一起”

join + 组织 表示 “加入某个组织”

take part in 表示 “参加某个活动”

如:Will you join us?

I will join the skiing club.

She is planning to take part in the high jump.

3. arrive in + 大地点

arrive at + 小地点

get to + 地点 = reach + 地点

如:My uncle arrived in Beijing yesterday.

I arrived at the Great Wall. = I got to the Great Wall. = I reached the
Great Wall.

注意:reach here/there/home = get here/there/home = arrive here/there/home

4. leave… 离开……

leave for… 动身去…/离开到…

如:They are leaving Beijing tomorrow. 明天他们要离开北京。

They are leaving for Japan the day after tomorrow. 后天他们要前往日本。

5. a few“几个,一些” 修饰可数名词

a little“一点点” 修饰不数名词

如:There are a few eggs in the basket.

There is a little water in the bottle.

6. how long 表示“多久(时间)”; 提问时间段.

how often 表示 “多常; 多久一次”; 提问时间的.频率.

如: They will stay in Beijing for a week. → How long will they stay in
Beijing?

He plays basketball twice a week. → How often does he play basketball?

7. be good at (doing) sth. = do well in (doing) sth. 擅长于(做)某事 如:She is good
at (playing) baseball. = She does well in (playing) baseball.

8. make sth/sb + adj. 使某物(某人)在某种状态

keep …sth/sb + adj. 保持某物(某人)在某种状态

如:Playing soccer can make your body strong.

Swimming can help to keep your heart and lungs healthy.

英语八年级上册知识

短语归纳

stay at home待在家里

take the bus乘公共汽车

tomorrow night明天晚上

have a class party进行班级聚会

half the class一半的同学

make some food做些食物

order food订购食物

have a class meeting开班会

at the party在聚会上

potatochips炸土豆片,炸薯条

in the end最后

make mistakes犯错误

go to the party去参加聚会

have a great/good 玩得开心

give sb.some advice给某人提一些建议

go to college上大学

make(a lot of)money赚(许多)钱

travel aroundthe world环游世界

work hard努力工作

a soccer player一名足球运动员

keep…to oneself保守秘密

talk with sb.与某人交谈

in life 在生活中

be angry at/about sth.因某事生气

be angry with sb.生某人的气

in the future在将来

run away逃避;逃跑

the first step第一步

in half分成两半

solve a problem解决问题

school clean-up学校大扫除

ask sb.to do sth.要求某人做某事

give sb.sth.给某人某物

tell sb.to do sth.告诉某人做某事

too…to do sth.太……而不能做某事

be afraid to do sth.害怕做某事

advise sb.to do sth.劝告某人做某事

It’s best (not) to do sth.最好(不)做某事

need to do sth.需要做某事

语法讲解

由 if 引导的条件状语从句 (主将从现)

if 用做连词时,可以表示“如果;假如”,用来引导一个条件状语从句。如:

I will go if he asks me.

If you eat bad food, you may be ill.

注意:在主句和条件状语从句中的动词都表示将来的动作时,主句中常用一般将来时,含有情态动词的句子或祈使句,也可以是谓语含有want,
hope,wish等动词的句子,但从句中常用一般现在时代替将来时。如:

We will come to see you if we have time.

You won’t be able to pass the exam if you don’t work hard.

I hope to visit her if I am free.

1、I

think I am going to the party with Karen and Ann.

分析:

be going to do sth.将要、打算做某事。如:

I am going to do some shopping with my mother.

辨析:be going to and will.

be going to and will 两者都可以表示将来,其区别如下:

be going to 常用于事先经过的打算、计划或意图,也可用于根据某种迹象将要发生的动作。如:

Why are you taking down all the pictures?

I am going to repaint the wall.

L ook at the dark clouds in the sky.I t ’ s going to rain.

will 常用于不受人的主观意愿影响的单纯将来,也可用于条件状语从句中,还可以表趋向或习惯的动作。如:

Tomorrow will be Teacher ’ s Day.

I f it doesn ’ t rain tomorrow, we will go to the zoo.

W e will die without air or water.

2、Half

of class won ’ t come.

分析:

① half, adj and n.一半(的)。 h alf 常用于名词或修饰名词的冠词前面,即half a/an/the/one ’ s
+n.还可以用于a half +n.这中结构。如:

P lease cut the cake into halves.

T he little boy drank half a bottle of water.== the little boy drank a
halfbottle of water.

H alf of the children are from Chinese .

注意:half 短语作主语时,谓语动词与half后的名词保持一致

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