1.无论是公汽还是火车whether buses or trains
2.穿过 get through
3.疯了 as mad as a door
4.诗的乐园 a garden of poems
5.根据…分类 be sorted by
6.关于友谊和爱情的浪漫诗集romantic poetry about love and friendship
7.聚集到一起 bring together
8.超过其他文学的任何形式more than any other form of literature
9.灵活运用 play with
10.唤起，使想起 call up
11.梦幻世界的奇意象curious images of a dream world
12.兀立于荣光宝殿之上stand out in the halls of glory
13.遵循特殊的节奏和韵脚follow special patterns of rhythm and rhyme
14.以他的戏剧而闻名be most famous for his plays
15.使他们想起 remind them of
16.一旦被出版 once published
17.缺少节奏感 the absence of thyme
18.在每一行末 at the end of each line
19.许多杰出诗人 a great number of fine poets
20.在中国最受欢迎的是英国浪漫主义诗人 Greatly loved in China are the English Romantic poets
21.英年早逝 die at a very young age
22.活到80岁 live to the age of 80
23.通向，导致 lead to
24.英国诗歌引进中国the introduction of English poetry to China
25.把…翻译成汉语 translate into Chinese
26.现代英语诗modern poetry in English
27.不管一首诗被翻译得多好no matter how well a poem is translated
28.原作的精髓something of the spirit of the original work
29.用汉语表达自己的方式ways of expressing oneself in Chinese
30.中西方的桥梁the bridges between the East and the West
How can I get to know her? 我怎么能认识她呢?(不定式to know 的逻辑主语是 I )
The boss ordered them to start the work.(动词不定式的逻辑主语是them)
I can’t bear him staying up so late. 我不能忍受他这么晚睡。
(动名词 staying up 的逻辑主语是 him)
We being League member, the work was well done.(现在分词的逻辑主语是We)
Who is that speaking? 您是哪一位?(现在分词的逻辑主语是 that)
They plan further talks with interested parties on this question.
他们就此问题打算与有关各方进一步谈判。(过去分词interested parties 的逻辑主语是 parties)
The man standing there is our English teacher. The man who is standing there is our English teacher. 站在那儿的那个人是我们的英语教师。(现在分词短语转化为定语从句)
The foreign guests hope to join the National Day celebration of Beijing. The foreign guests hope that they can join the National Day celebration of Beijing.
I regret being unable to help. I regret that I cannot help.
Seeing is believing. 眼见为实。(一般式)
He came to the party without being invited.他未被邀请就来到了晚会。(被动式)
We remembered having seen the film. 我们记得看过这部电影。(完成式)
He forgot having been taken to Guangzhou when he was five years old.
I regret not following his advice. 我后悔没听他的劝告。(否定式)
Collecting stamps is interesting. 集邮很有趣。
It’s no use crying. 哭是没用的。
Our work is serving the people.我们的工作是为人民服务。
His hobby is collecting stamps.他的爱好是集邮。
They haven’t finished building the dam. 他们还没有建好大坝。
We have to prevent the air from being polluted.我们必须阻止空气被污染。
We found it no good making fun of others. 我们发现取笑他人不好。
enjoy, finish, suggest, avoid(避免), excuse ,delay, imagine, keep, miss, consider,
admit(承认)，deny(否认), mind, permit, forbid, practise, risk(冒险),
appreciate(感激), be busy, be worth, feel like, can’t stand, can’t help, think of,
dream of, be fond of, prevent…(from), keep …from, stop…(from), protect…from,
set about, be engaged in, spend…(in), succeed in, be used to, look forward to,
object to, pay attention to, insist on
He can’t walk without a walking-stick. 他没有拐杖不能走路。
The cave, his hiding-place is secret. 那个山洞，他藏身的地方很秘密。
His habit, listening to the news on the radio remains unchanged.
They went to the park, singing and talking. 他们边唱边说向公园走去。
Having done his homework, he played basketball. 做完作业，他开始打篮球。
The problem being discussed is very important. 正在被讨论的问题很重要。
Having been told many times, the naughty boy made the same mistake.
I like the book lying there.
In the following years he worked even harder. 在后来的几年中，他学习更努力了。
The man speaking to the teacher is our monitor’s father.
现在分词作定语相当于一个定语从句的句法功能，如：in the following years也可用in the years that followed, the man speaking 可改为the man who is speaking.
The argument is very convincing.他的论点很令人信服。
The film being shown in the cinema is exciting. 正在这家上演的电影很棒。
The present situation is inspiring. 当前的形势鼓舞人心。
be + doing既可能表示现在进行时，也可能是现在分词做表语，它们的区别在于be + doing表示进行的动作是进行时，而表示特征时是系动词be与现在分词构成系表结构。
see, watch, hear, feel, find, get, keep, notice, observe, listen to, look at, leave,
Can you hear her singing the song in the next room? 你能听见她在隔壁唱歌吗?
He kept the car waiting at the gate. 他让小汽车在门口等着。
(While) Working in the factory, he was an advanced worker. 在工厂工作时，他是一名先进工人。
Being a League member, he is always helping others. 由于是共青团员，他经常帮助他人。
He stayed at home, cleaning and washing. 他呆在家里，又擦又洗。
(If) Playing all day, you will waste your valuable time. 要是整天玩，你就会浪费宝贵的时间。
He dropped the glass, breaking it into pieces. 他把杯子掉了，结果摔得粉碎。
He went swimming the other day. 几天前他去游泳了。
Though raining heavily, it cleared up very soon. 虽然雨下得很大，但不久天就晴了。
I waiting for the bus, a bird fell on my head.我等汽车时，一只鸟落到我头上。
All the tickets having been sold out, they went away disappointedly.
Time permitting, we’ll do another two exercises. 如果时间允许，我们将做另两个练习。
有时也可用with (without) +名词(代词宾格)+分词形式
With the lights burning, he fell asleep. 他点着灯睡着了。
Judging from (by) his appearance, he must be an actor. 从外表看，他一定是个演员。
Generally speaking, girls are more careful. 一般说来，女孩子更细心。
I don’t like the book written by Martin.
Our class went on an organized trip last Monday. 上周一我们班开展了一次有组织的旅行。
Those elected as committee members will attend the meeting. 当选为委员的人将出席这次会。
They were very excited at the news.听到这个消息，他们非常激动。
The window is broken. 窗户破了。
They were frightened at the sad sight. 他们对眼前悲惨的景象感到很害怕。
注意be + 过去分词，如果表示状态是系表结构，如果表示被动的动作是被动语态。区别：
The window is broken.(系表)
The window was broken by the boy.(被动)
newly arrived goods(新到的货)
the risen sun(升起的太阳)
the changed world(变了的世界)
这类过去分词有：gone, come, fallen, risen, changed, arrived, returned, passed等。
I heard the song sung several times last week. 上周我听见这首歌被唱了好几次。
With the work done, they went out to play. 工作做完了，他们出去玩去了。
Praised by the neighbours, he became the pride of his parents.
Once seen, it can never be forgotten. 一旦它被看见，人们就忘不了。(表示时间)
Given more time, I’ll be able to do it better. 如果给予更多的时间，我能做得更好。(表示条件)
Though told of the danger, he still risked his life to save the boy.
Filled with hopes and fears, he entered the cave. 心中充满了希望与恐惧，他走进山洞。
All books returned at the end of the term, the library assistant was satisfied.
The field ploughed, he began to spread seed.地耕好了，他开始撒种子。
分词做表语有两种情况，一种是现在分词做表语，一种是过去分词做表语，这两者区别是考试中经常考到的地方。一般来说，表示心理状态的动词如excite， interest等都是及物动词，汉语意思不是“激动”，“高兴”，而是“使激动”、“使高兴”，因而现在分词应该是“令人激动的”、“令人高兴的”，过去分词则是“感到激动的”和“感到高兴的”。所以，凡表示“令人……的”都是-ing形式，凡是表示“感到……”都用-ed形式。换句话说，若人对……感兴趣，就是somebody is interested in…,若人/物本身有兴趣时，就是说sb./sth. is interesting.这类词常见的有：
Travelling is interesting but tiring.旅行是有趣的，但是使人疲劳。
The pupils will get confused if they are made to learn too much.
The game is exciting. (现在分词作表语)
We were excited at the news. (过去分词作表语)
He rushed into the burning house.他冲进了正在燃烧着的房子。
The child standing over there is my brother.站在那儿的男孩子是我弟弟。
The room facing south is our classroom.朝南的房间是我们的教室。
He is an advanced teacher.他是个先进教师。
departed, elapsed, faded, fallen, gone, frown-up, retired,
returned, risen, set, vanished, much-traveled,
He went out shutting the door behind him. 他出去后将门随手关上。
Not knowing what to do, he went to his parents for help.
Smiling, they came in.
Cleaned, the room looks nice.
Given more attention, the trees could have grown better.
Faced with difficulties, we must try to overcome them.
1.I worked so late in the office last night that I hardly had time _______ the last bus.
A. to have caught B. to catch C. catching D. having caught
2.I must make full use of the time ________ left to me and do as much as I can for the people.
A. there being B. there is C. there are D. there to be
3.He does nothing but________ .
A. complaining B. to complaining C. complain D. to complain
4.You’re going to England next year. You should now practise ________ English as much as possible.
A. speak B. to speak C. speaking D. Speak about
5.The students expected there ________ more reviewing classes before the final exam.
A. is B. being C. have been D. to be
6.If we don’t start out now, we must risk ________ the train.
A. miss B. missing C. being missed D. to miss
7.Surely her daughter would make an even bigger effort ________ her?
A. please B. pleased C. to please D. having pleased
8.The bank is reported in the local newspaper ________ in broad daylight yesterday.
A. to be robbed B. robbed
C. to have been robbed D. having been robbed
9.He is an ________ teacher.
A. advancing B. advanced C. being advancing D. advance
10.________ exceptions, the rule may stand.
A. Allow for B. Allowing for C. To allow D.To allow for
11.The local health organization is reported ________ twenty-five years age hen
Dr.Adudon became its first president.
A. to be set up B. being set up
C. to have been set up D. having been set up
12.They stopped ________ , but now I’m getting interested.
A. listening B. to listen C. listen D. having listening
13.I heard him ________ the door
A. locking B. to lock C. lock D. being locking
14. We don’t want ________ any comrades lagging behind.
A. there being B. there to being C. there to be D. there is
15.Nowhere in nature is aluminum found free, owing to its always ________ with other elements, most commonly with oxygen.
A. combined B. having combined C. combine D. being combined
16.John painted her sitting in a chair with her hands ________.
A. folding B. to have folded C. to fold D. folded
17.The Portuguese give a great deal of credit to one man for having promoted sea travel, that man ________ prince Henry the navigator, who lived in the 15th century.
A. was B. being C. is D. having been
18.His victory in the final was no more ________ than I had expected.
A. convincing B. convinced C. to convince D. being convincing
19.Lots of empty boots were found under the old man’s bed. He must have done nothing but________ .
A. drink B. to drink C. drinking D. drunk
20.I appreciated ________ the opportunity to study abroad two years ago.
A. having been given B. having been
C. to have been given D. to have given
21.I have got a loaf of bread ; now I’m looking for a knife________ .
A. to cut it with B. to cut with it
C. with it to cut D. it to cut with
22.There is no point________ further.
A. argue B. to argue C. arguing D. being arguing
23.The function of Louis Sullivan’s architecture was ________ large uninterrupted floor areas and to allow ample light into the interior.
A. to provide B. providing C. having providing D. provide
24.On seeing the young child ________ into the lake, John sprang to his feet, and went to the rescue.
A. fell B. fall C. falling D. to fall
25.I am sorry to hear that you resorted ________ .
A. to cheat B. to cheating C. cheating D. cheat
26.He wasn’t asked to take on the chairmanship of the society, ________ insufficiently popular with all members.
A. being considered B. considering.
C. to be considered D. having considered
27.The article opens and closes with descriptions of two news reports, each ________ one major point in contrast with the other.
A. make B. made C. is to make D. making
28. All flights ________ because of the snowstorm, we decided to take the train.
A. were canceled B. had been canceled
C. having canceled D. having been canceled
1-5 BBCCD 6-10 BCCBB 11-15 CBCCD 16-20 DBAAA