不规则动词过去式变化规则(高中英语不规则动词表)

首先,规则动词的过去式由“动词原形+-ed”构成,具体变化有:

1. 直接在词尾加-ed。如: want—wanted, work—worked, need—needed, clean—cleaned
2. 以不发音的e结尾的在词尾加-d。如:like—liked, live—lived, use—used, move—moved
3. 以一个元音字母加一个辅音字母结尾的重读闭音节动词,先双写结尾的辅音字母,再加-ed。如:stop—stopped, trip—tripped
4. 以辅音字母加y结尾的动词,先把y变成i,再加-ed。如:study—studied, carry—carried, hurry—hurried, marry—married

另外:若动词的过去式是规则变化加ed的,它的过去分词也是规则的。

不规则动词的过去式和过去分词大致可以为AAA型(原形、过去式和过去分词都一样)ABA(原形和过去分词一样,过去式不一样)ABB(过去式和过去分词一样)ABC(原形和过去式和过去分词都不一样)

巧记不规则动词!段子巧记不规则过去式和过去分词!英语学习必看

巧记不规则动词!段子巧记不规则过去式和过去分词!英语学习必看

巧记不规则动词!段子巧记不规则过去式和过去分词!英语学习必看

巧记不规则动词!段子巧记不规则过去式和过去分词!英语学习必看

巧记不规则动词!段子巧记不规则过去式和过去分词!英语学习必看

巧记不规则动词!段子巧记不规则过去式和过去分词!英语学习必看

巧记不规则动词!段子巧记不规则过去式和过去分词!英语学习必看

巧记不规则动词!段子巧记不规则过去式和过去分词!英语学习必看

巧记不规则动词!段子巧记不规则过去式和过去分词!英语学习必看

巧记不规则动词!段子巧记不规则过去式和过去分词!英语学习必看

巧记不规则动词!段子巧记不规则过去式和过去分词!英语学习必看

高中英语不规则动词表(按字母顺序)

编号

动词原形

中文意思

过去式

过去分词

1

arise

出现

arose

arisen

2

awake

醒来

awoke

awaked / awoken

3

baby-sit

临时照顾

baby-sat

baby-sat

4

be(am/is/are)

was / were

been

5

bear

开花,承受

bore

born/borne

6

beat

击打

beat

beaten

7

become

变成

became

become

8

begin

开始

began

begun

9

bend

使弯曲

bent

bent

10

bet

bet

bet

11

bid

投标,出价

bade / bid

bidden / bid

12

bite

bit

bitten / bit

13

bleed

使出血

bled

bled

14

blow

blew

blown

15

break

打破

broke

broken

16

bring

拿来

brought

brought

17

broadcast

广播

broadcast/broadcasted

broadcast/broadcasted

18

build

建造

built

built

19

burn

燃烧

burnt / burned

burnt / burned

20

burst

爆发,突发

burst

burst

21

buy

bought

bought

22

can

could

×

23

cast

cast

cast

24

catch

捕捉

caught

caught

25

choose

选择

chose

chosen

26

come

came

come

27

cost

花费

cost

cost

28

cut

cut

cut

29

deal

分配

dealt

dealt

30

dig

dug

dug

31

do / does

did

done

32

draw

画,拉,拖

drew

drawn

33

dream

做梦

dreamt / dreamed

dreamt / dreamed

34

drink

drank

drunk

35

drive

驾驶

drove

driven

36

eat

ate

eaten

37

fall

掉落

fell

fallen

38

feed

fed

fed

39

feel

触摸

felt

felt

40

fight

作战

fought

fought

41

find

找出

found

found

42

flee

逃走,消失

fled

fled

43

found

建立

founded

founded

44

fly

flew

flown

45

foresee

预见,预知

foresaw

foreseen

46

forbid

禁止

forbade / forbad

forbidden

47

forget

忘记

forgot

forgotten / forgot

48

forgive

原谅

forgave

forgiven

49

freeze

结冰

froze

frozen

50

get

得到

got

got

51

give

gave

given

52

go

went

gone

53

grow

成长

grew

grown

54

hang

悬挂

hung

hung

55

绞死

hanged

hanged

56

have / has

had

had

57

hear

听到

heard

heard

58

hide

隐藏

hid

hidden / hid

59

hit

hit

hit

60

hold

拿住

held

held

61

hurt

受伤

hurt

hurt

62

keep

保持

kept

kept

63

know

知道

knew

known

64

lay

铺,放,下蛋

laid

laid

65

lead

引导

led

led

66

leap

跳,跳跃

laid

laid

67

learn

学习

learnt / learned

learnt / learned

68

leave

离开

left

left

69

lend

借贷

lent

lent

70

let

let

let

71

lie

躺,位于

lay

lain

72

lie

撒谎

lied

lied

73

light

点着

lit / lighted

lit / lighted

74

lose

遗失

lost

lost

75

make

制作

made

made

76

may

可以

might

----

77

mean

意思是

meant

meant

78

meet

碰到

met

met

79

misread

误解,看错

misread

misread

80

mistake

误会,过失

mistook

mistaken

81

misunderstand

误会,误解

misunderstood

misunderstood

82

must

必须

must

----

83

overcome

克服,胜过

overcame

overcome

84

overhear

偷听

overheard

overheard

85

pay

支付

paid

paid

86

prove

证实

proved

proved / proven

87

put

放置

put

put

88

quit

放弃

quit / quitted

quit / quitted

89

read

read

read

90

rewind

重绕

rewound

rewound

91

rebuild

改建

rebuilt

rebuilt

92

retell

复述

retold

retold

93

rid

免除

rid / ridded

rid / ridded

94

ride

rode

ridden

95

ring

打电话,响铃

rang

rung

96

rise

上升

rose

risen

97

run

ran

run

98

saw

sawed

sawed / sawn

99

say

said

said

100

see

saw

seen

101

seek

寻觅

sought

sought

102

sell

sold

sold

103

send

送 / 寄

sent

sent

104

set

安置

set

set

105

sew

缝合

sewed

sewn / sewed

106

shake

shook

shaken

107

shall

should

×

108

shave

刮(胡子)

shave

shaved / shaven

109

shine

发光

shone

shone

110

擦亮

shined

shined

111

shoot

放(炮)

shot

shot

112

show

显露

showed

shown / showed

113

shut

关闭,停业

shut

shut

114

shrink

缩水

shrank / shrunk

shrunk

115

sing

唱歌

sang

sung

116

sink

下沉

sank

sunk

117

sit

sat

sat

118

sleep

slept

slept

119

slide

滑动,雪崩

slid

slid

120

smell

发出气味

smelt / smelled

smelt / smelled

121

sow

种植

sowed

sown / sowed

122

speak

spoke

spoken

123

speed

超速,加速

sped / speeded

sped / speeded

124

spell

拼写

spelt / spelled

spelt / spelled

125

spellbind

迷惑

spellbound

spellbound

126

spend

花费

spent

spent

127

spill

使溢出

spilt

spilt

128

spin

纺纱,旋转

spun

spun

129

spit

吐出

spat / spit

spat / spit

130

spoil

溺爱,掠夺

spoilt

spoilt

131

spread

传播,伸展

spread

spread

132

spring

跳跃,弹跳

sprang / sprung

sprung

133

stand

站立

stood

stood

134

steal

stole

stolen

135

stick

刺,粘贴

stuck

stuck

136

strike

撞,击,(病、灾难)袭击

struck

struck / stricken

137

swear

发誓,咒骂

swore

sworn

138

sweep

打扫

swept

swept

139

swell

肿胀

swelled

swollen

140

swim

游泳

swam

swum

141

swing

摇摆,涨落

swung

swung

142

take

took

taken

143

teach

taught

taught

144

tear

撕裂

tore

torn

145

tell

告诉

told

told

146

think

思考

thought

thought

147

throw

投 / 扔

threw

thrown

148

understand

了解

understood

understood

149

undertake

承担,从事,许诺

undertook

undertaken

150

upset

使心烦

upset

upset

151

wake

醒着

woke

woken

132

wear

穿着

wore

worn

153

weave

编织,编排

wove

woven

154

wet

淋湿

wet / wetted

wet / wetted

155

will

would

×

156

win

获胜

won

won

157

wind

蜿蜒,缠绕,上发条

wound

wound

158

wound

受伤

wounded

wounded

159

write

书写

wrote

written

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